Threat Encyclopedia

Backdoor.Win32.REMCOS.TICOGBZ

Publish date: October 29, 2018

ANALYSIS BY

Robert Nicole Malagad


PLATFORM:

Windows

OVERALL RISK RATING:
DAMAGE POTENTIAL:
DISTRIBUTION POTENTIAL:
REPORTED INFECTION:
SYSTEM IMPACT RATING:
INFORMATION EXPOSURE:

  • Threat Type:Backdoor

  • Destructiveness:No

  • Encrypted: Yes

  • In the wild: Yes

OVERVIEW

Infection Channel:

Spammed via email, Dropped by other malware, Downloaded from the Internet


This Backdoor arrives as an attachment to email messages spammed by other malware/grayware or malicious users. It arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It executes commands from a remote malicious user, effectively compromising the affected system.

TECHNICAL DETAILS

File Size:

1,325,055 bytes

File Type:

EXE

Memory Resident:

Yes

Initial Samples Received Date:

23 Aug 2018

Payload:

Collects system information, Connects to URLs/IPs, Executes files, Steals information, Creates files, Deletes files, Modifies system registry

Arrival Details

This Backdoor arrives as an attachment to email messages spammed by other malware/grayware or malicious users.

It arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Installation

This Backdoor drops the following copies of itself into the affected system:

  • %User Profile%\Music\regdrv.exe
  • %User Profile%\Videos\Regdriver.exe

(Note: %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista, 7, and 8.)

It drops the following files:

  • %User Temp%\aspr_keys.ini ← (to be deleted afterward)
  • %User Profile%\Music\aspr_keys.ini ← (to be deleted afterward)
  • %Application Data%\remcos\logs.dat← (component file)

(Note: %User Temp% is the current user's Temp folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Local Settings\Temp on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Local\Temp on Windows Vista, 7, and 8.. %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista, 7, and 8.. %Application Data% is the current user's Application Data folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Application Data on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Roaming on Windows Vista, 7, and 8.)

It drops and executes the following files:

  • %User Profile%\Music\regdrv.exe

(Note: %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista, 7, and 8.)

It adds the following mutexes to ensure that only one of its copies runs at any one time:

  • Remcos_Mutex_Inj
  • explorer-{Random Characters}

Autostart Technique

This Backdoor adds the following registry entries to enable its automatic execution at every system startup:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Registry Driver = %User Profile%\Videos\Regdriver.exe

Other System Modifications

This Backdoor adds the following registry keys:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\explorer-{Random Characters}
lic = {Hex Values}

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\explorer-{Random Characters}
exepath = {Hex Values}

Backdoor Routine

This Backdoor executes the following commands from a remote malicious user:

  • Perform ping
  • Enumerate drives
  • List all files
  • Open file/s
  • Get file/s from affected computer
  • Upload file/s to affected computer
  • Delete file/s from affected computer
  • Rename file/s from affected computer
  • Create new directory
  • Search a file from affected computer
  • Download file from url
  • Download file from local
  • Enumerate process
  • Terminate process
  • Maximize/Minimize application
  • Switch application
  • Terminate application
  • Open cmd
  • Open webpage
  • Open screen capture
  • Open keylogger
  • Set affected computer to send logs automatically
  • Deletes cookies and stored browser logins
  • Get screenshot
  • Capture image from camera if available
  • Capture voice from mic if available
  • Acquire user password
  • Display a messagebox to affected computer
  • Sends keyboard input
  • Sends mouse click
  • Shutdown affected Computer
  • Copy clipboard data
  • Set clipboard data
  • Clear clipboard data
  • Manipulate registry entries

It connects to the following URL(s) to send and receive commands from a remote malicious user:

  • {BLOCKED}.{BLOCKED}.30.116

Other Details

This Backdoor does the following:

  • This Backdoor gathers the following information and reports it to its servers:
    • Computer Name
    • System Type
    • Product Name
    • Primary Adapter
    • User Access (Admin or Non-admin)
    • User Profile
    • User Name
    • User Domain
    • Processor Revision No.
    • Processor Level
    • Processor Identifier
    • Processor Architecture
    • System Type (32-bit or 64-bit)

SOLUTION

Minimum Scan Engine:

9.850

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN FILE:

14.572.05

FIRST VSAPI PATTERN DATE:

18 Oct 2018

VSAPI OPR PATTERN File:

14.573.00

VSAPI OPR PATTERN Date:

19 Oct 2018

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Note that not all files, folders, and registry keys and entries are installed on your computer during this malware's/spyware's/grayware's execution. This may be due to incomplete installation or other operating system conditions. If you do not find the same files/folders/registry information, please proceed to the next step.

Step 3

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn More ]

Step 4

Identify and terminate files detected as Backdoor.Win32.REMCOS.TICOGBZ This step allows you to identify and disable the malware/grayware/spyware process files running in memory in preparation for the next steps.

  1. Windows Task Manager may not display all running processes. In this case, please use a third-party process viewer, preferably Process Explorer, to terminate the malware/grayware/spyware file. You may download the said tool here.
  2. If the detected file is displayed in either Windows Task Manager or Process Explorer but you cannot delete it, restart your computer in safe mode. To do this, refer to this link for the complete steps.
  3. If the detected file is not displayed in either Windows Task Manager or Process Explorer, continue doing the next steps.

To terminate the malware/grayware/spyware process:

  1. Scan your computer with your Trend Micro product and take note of the name of the malware/grayware/spyware detected.
  2. Open Windows Task Manager. To do this, press CTRL+SHIFT+ESC.
  3. View the list of all running programs. To do this:
    • For Windows 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista, 7 and Server 2008 users, click the Processes tab.
    • For Windows 8, 8.1 and Server 2012 users, click the Details tab.
  4. In the list of running programs, locate a malware/grayware/spyware file detected earlier.
  5. Select the detected files, then press either the End Task or the End Process button, depending on the version of Windows you are using.
  6. Do the same for the remaining detected malware/grayware/spyware files in the list of running programs.
  7. To check if the malware/grayware/spyware process has been terminated, close Task Manager, and then open it again.
  8. Close Task Manager.

Step 5

Delete this registry key

[ Learn More ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software
    • explorer-{Random Characters}
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Registry Driver

Step 6

Search and delete this file

[ Learn More ]
There may be some files that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the "More advanced options" option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
  • %User Temp%\aspr_keys.ini
  • %User Profile%\Music\regdrv.exe
  • %User Profile%\Videos\Regdriver.exe
  • %User Profile%\Music\aspr_keys.ini
  • %Application Data%\remcos\logs.dat

Step 7

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as Backdoor.Win32.REMCOS.TICOGBZ. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.


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